When fluid arrives at the first portion of the small bowel, the unique SOS formula activates our bodies’ Sodium/Glucose co-transport system. As part of this process, one molecule of sodium is pulled from the small intestine into the blood vessels by a corresponding molecule of glucose. Consequently, due to osmotic forces in the body, water is absorbed as it always follows sodium.
The ‘Sodium/Glucose co-transport system’ was discovered by the medical community, and is used to combat mild to moderate dehydration, saving millions of lives all over the world. This method of delivery is called Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) and is fully endorsed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF. 2
SOS matches the global standard set by the WHO. 9 We have also been able to lower the osmolarity and stabilize the taste – a complex challenge that no other rehydration drink has currently managed.
SOS is as effective as an IV Drip at combating mild to moderate dehydration. 3, 4
Osmolarity is the balance between water and sodium in the body. The normal (isotonic) osmolarity is 290mmol/L. The lower the osmolarity, the faster the body can absorb water. High glucose concentrations can increase the osmolarity of drinks.
SOS’ osmolarity is 230mmol/L, which means we are a hypo-tonic drink. The most effective formula for water-absorption when compared to isotonic and hyper-tonic solutions. 11, 12
SOS’ osmolarity is 20% lower than the average hydration drink, 25% lower than the average coconut water, 50% lower than the average sports drink, and over 80% lower than the average soda. 2